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  • Writer's pictureThe Sicilian Wanderer

Enna: history, culture, and breathtaking landscapes in Sicily


Enna City

Enna is an ancient city located in the heart of Sicily, almost 1000 meters above sea level. Thanks to its elevated position, it offers a spectacular panoramic view of Sicily, with a wide view of the Dittaino river valley and the surrounding mountains. The historic center of Enna is a maze of alleys, stairs, and courtyards that lead to a series of beautiful historic buildings. Among these stand out the Tower of Frederick II, an imposing 13th-century fortification that dominates the city, and the Lombardy Castle, another important symbol of Enna's history. Also worth visiting are the Church of San Giovanni Battista, an example of Baroque architecture, and the Varisano Palace, which houses a museum on the city's history. But Enna is not just history and architecture. The city is also known for its traditional cuisine, which is based on local products such as durum wheat, olive oil, cheeses, and meat. Among the typical dishes to try are pasta with sardines, swordfish alla ghiotta, and caponata, a vegetable salad seasoned with vinegar and sugar. Lastly, Enna is also an ideal starting point for exploring the natural beauties of central Sicily. For example, a few kilometers from the city is the Morgantina Archaeological Park, an archaeological site of great importance dating back to the 5th century BC. Moreover, thanks to its central location, Enna is easily accessible from many other destinations in Sicily, such as Agrigento, Caltanissetta, and Catania.

Enna church

Located at the center of the island, Enna is one of the oldest cities in Sicily, offering visitors a breathtaking view of the surrounding countryside and a rich and captivating history.

The historic center of Enna is a maze of alleys, stairs, and courtyards leading to a series of magnificent historical buildings, including the Tower of Frederick II, the Lombardy Castle, and the Cathedral of Enna.

The Tower of Frederick II, standing at 27 meters tall, was built by the famous Emperor Frederick II in the 13th century and offers a breathtaking panoramic view of the city and the surrounding countryside. The Lombardy Castle, on the other hand, is a medieval fortress built on a hill overlooking the city, and its history is linked to that of Frederick II and Emperor Charles V.

The Cathedral of Enna, dedicated to the Most Holy Mary of the Visitation, is another significant point of interest in the city. Built in the 13th century in Gothic style, the cathedral has been restored and expanded over the subsequent centuries, and inside, one can admire the 15th-century frescoes and wooden statues carved by Sicilian masters.

Enna is also renowned for its traditional cuisine, based on simple and genuine ingredients. The city's typical dishes include pasta with sardines, pasta with eggplants, bread with spleen, Sicilian meatballs, and cannoli, sweet pastries filled with sweet ricotta.

But Enna is not just history and culture. The city also offers the opportunity to explore the wonders of the island. From here, in fact, it is easy to reach other historical cities such as Caltanissetta, Agrigento, and Piazza Armerina, as well as the beaches of the southern coast of Sicily.

In conclusion, Enna is a fascinating city rich in history and culture, offering visitors a breathtaking panoramic view of the surrounding countryside, delicious typical dishes, and the chance to explore the wonders of Sicily. If you are planning a trip to Sicily, Enna is a stop you cannot miss.



Enna castle

What to do and see in Enna:

  • Tower of Frederick II - The 27-meter tall tower was built by the famous Emperor Frederick II in the 13th century and offers a breathtaking panoramic view of the city and the surrounding countryside. Visiting hours are from Tuesday to Saturday, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm and from 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm. On Sundays, the hours are from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm.

  • Lombardy Castle - The medieval fortress built on a hill overlooking the city is another significant point of interest in Enna. Visiting hours are from Tuesday to Saturday, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm and from 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm. On Sundays, the hours are from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm.

  • Cathedral of Enna - The cathedral, dedicated to the Most Holy Mary of the Visitation, was built in the 13th century in Gothic style. Visiting hours are from Monday to Saturday, from 9:00 am to 12:00 pm and from 3:30 pm to 5:30 pm. On Sundays, the hours are from 9:00 am to 12:00 pm.

  • Archaeological Museum of Enna - The museum houses a vast collection of archaeological finds, including a section dedicated to the Sicani civilization, the ancient inhabitants of the area. Visiting hours are from Tuesday to Saturday, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm and from 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm. On Sundays, the hours are from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm.

  • Archaeological Park of Morgantina - Located a few kilometers from Enna, the archaeological park houses the remains of an ancient Sicani city, including a theater, a sanctuary, and a residential area. Visiting hours are from Tuesday to Saturday, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm and from 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm. On Sundays, the hours are from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm.

  • Typical cuisine - Enna is famous for its traditional cuisine, based on simple and genuine ingredients. The city's typical dishes include pasta with sardines, pasta with eggplants, bread with spleen, Sicilian meatballs, and cannoli, sweet pastries filled with sweet ricotta.

Explore the surrounding countryside - Enna also offers the opportunity to explore the surrounding countryside, which offers a breathtaking view of Sicily. It is recommended to rent a car or bicycle to fully enjoy this experience. Furthermore, Enna is an ideal base for exploring other historical cities in Sicily, such as Caltanissetta, Agrigento, and Piazza Armerina. These cities offer visitors the opportunity to discover other historical and cultural attractions of the island, including the famous archaeological site of the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento and the Roman Villa of Casale in Piazza Armerina.


Enna is also a perfect destination for nature lovers, who can explore the surrounding countryside, rich in nature trails and breathtaking landscapes. It is recommended to visit the Regional Natural Park of the Sicani Mountains, located a short distance from Enna and offering the opportunity for hiking, mountain biking, and horseback riding.

In conclusion, Enna is a city that offers many exploration and discovery opportunities. From historical and cultural sites to delicious culinary specialties, through the breathtaking surrounding natural landscapes, there is truly something for everyone in Enna. If you are planning a trip to Sicily, you cannot miss the opportunity to visit this fascinating city.



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