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The Sicani civilization in Sicily

The Sicani civilization in Sicily

Today we will delve into the Sicani civilization in Sicily, one of the most fascinating and mysterious prehistoric cultures that inhabited the Mediterranean island.

The Sican civilization dominated western Sicily between the III and II millennium BC. Their name derives from the Greek term Sikania, which referred to western Sicily. The Sicani were a population of uncertain origins, likely of Indo-European stock, who settled on the island and developed a society based on agriculture, characterized by a peaceful lifestyle.

Despite the Sican civilization having left few monumental testimonies, it is still possible to observe traces of their presence in the numerous fortified settlements, called castellieri, scattered throughout western Sicily. These fortified villages were built on heights and protected by imposing dry-stone walls, some of which are still standing today.

The Sicani were skilled craftsmen, known for their expertise in the production of pottery, gold and silver jewelry, and copper and bronze weapons. Moreover, they had a great passion for personal ornaments and used animal bones, shells, and stones to create necklaces, bracelets, and earrings.

One of the most intriguing characteristics of the Sican civilization is their religion, profoundly different from that of the other peoples of the island. The Sicani revered the gods of nature and animals and often represented their deities in the form of human figures with animal heads.

To deepen the knowledge of the Sican culture, it is possible to visit the Archaeological Museum of Palermo, where numerous archaeological finds belonging to this fascinating civilization are exhibited.

In conclusion, the Sican civilization was an important stage in the history of Sicily, and their fortified settlements and artisanal artifacts are still visible today as testimony to their presence on the island. If you intend to visit Sicily, we recommend exploring the Sican castellieri to immerse yourself in the atmosphere of this ancient culture and better understand the importance of their contribution to the history of the island.


The Sicani Mountains are a mountain range located in central Sicily, extending between the provinces of Palermo, Agrigento, and Caltanissetta. This area is of particular interest to scholars of the Sican civilization, as it hosts numerous archaeological remains and artifacts related to this ancient population.

The region of the Sicani Mountains is characterized by a hilly and mountainous landscape, with valleys, rivers, and plains providing an ideal habitat for human settlement development. Among the areas of major archaeological interest linked to the Sican civilization are the Archaeological Park of Monte Jato, the site of Entella, and the Archaeological Park of Caltabellotta.

The Archaeological Park of Monte Jato, located in the municipality of Monreale, is an area of great historical and archaeological importance that hosts remains of Sican settlements, as well as Greek and Roman periods. Here it is possible to observe the remains of an ancient Sican castelliere and other artifacts related to the daily life of this population.

The site of Entella, in the municipality of Contessa Entellina, offers another testimony to the Sican presence in the region. Archaeological excavations have uncovered remains of walls, dwellings, and necropolises, testifying to the importance of this center during the Bronze Age.

The Archaeological Park of Caltabellotta, located in the eponymous municipality, is another place of great interest for those wishing to deepen their knowledge of the Sican civilization. Artifacts have been found here that testify to the presence of Sican settlements and their interaction with other populations on the island, such as the Greeks and Romans.

Among the municipalities in the region of the Sicani Mountains, in addition to those already mentioned, include Bivona, Burgio, Caltanissetta, Castronovo di Sicilia, Chiusa Sclafani, Cianciana, Palazzo Adriano, Cammarata, San Giovanni Gemini,Prizzi, Roccamena, Santa Margherita di Belice, and Sutera. These municipalities are scattered between the provinces of Palermo, Agrigento, and Caltanissetta and offer a variety of landscapes, traditions, and historical testimonies linked to the presence of the Sicani and the subsequent cultures that inhabited the island.

sicanians experiences

sicanians invites you to live an unforgettable experience discovering the Sicani Mountains in Sicily, offering you a unique adventure combining trekking, urban trekking, cultural events, cooking shows, and guided tours in the evocative villages of the region.

Prepare to explore a wide range of excursions suitable for all tastes: from the most adventurous and challenging for trekking enthusiasts, to the quieter and more relaxing for those who wish to immerse themselves in the beauty of the landscapes without facing too difficult paths. Let yourself be captivated by urban trekking, which will lead you to discover the hidden treasures of historical centers, admiring monuments, squares, and enchanting alleys. offers you the opportunity to immerse yourself in local traditions through engaging cultural events and to delight your palate with authentic Sicilian cuisine. You can also test your culinary skills, participating in show cooking sessions led by expert chefs.

The towns that will introduce you to include Cammarata, San Giovanni Gemini, Prizzi, Santo Stefano Quisquina, Bivona, Palazzo Adriano, and many others, enchanting places rich in authenticity. Thanks to the accompaniment of passionate local guides, you will get to know the history and culture of these places, enriching your travel experience.

Choose for an authentic and exciting adventure among the Sicani Mountains and the picturesque villages of the area, and create unforgettable memories immersed in the beauty and culture of Sicily.

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